All Posts By

James-SocialBeast

Meet the team – Elizabeth Webb, Administration Assistant, PA

By | News | No Comments

In the role of Administrative Assistant & PA, Elizabeth Webb draws from her customer-focused approach and experience from both architectural and engineering sectors to bring stability to daily operations around the office. We caught up with Elizabeth to talk about her appreciation for the engineering industry and its influence on our communities.

What made you want to work in engineering?

Fate threw me into the world of engineering with my first position out of commercial college being with a large Scottish firm of mechanical engineers starting up a new Brisbane office.  I stayed with them for 5 years then enrolled in the university of life with a stint overseas for the next 6.  I’ve worked in the IT games industry and heritage architectural spheres, but I have loved coming back to engineering.

What do you love about working in the engineering industry?

Standing on the shoulders of giants is the basic answer.  Thanks to the talents and skills of engineers, the beauty of buildings and infrastructure can be revealed.  Their ability to design infrastructure which enables life to proceed safely and simply using maths and physics is both mystifying and exciting to me.  Working for architects gave me an appreciation of beautiful design, however the engineers are the unsung heroes making all that possible. Working with the team here at Madsen Giersing who constantly strive for excellence makes me get out of bed each day.

What has been your greatest professional achievement to date?

Keeping responsive and being able to adapt and change has meant that I can pivot industries and bring my skill set to a new table.

What’s has been your favourite project Madsen Giersing has worked on?

Gladstone East Shores Stage 1B definitely was one of Madsen Giersing’s more creative projects.  It was a trailblazing style of project which reimagined a disused barge to be converted into a floating transfer pontoon and swimming pool – with the design talents and expertise of Madsen Giersing’s senior engineers.  Unfortunately, in the end, the project was put on hold, but the journey was definitely interesting.

What’s the most useful thing you’ve learned throughout your career?

The little things matter.  Being a team player and staying open to change is also fundamental.

What would your last meal be?

Peking Duck Pancakes, champagne and coffee-flavoured gelato.

What is the last movie you watched or series you binged?

The Last Kingdom – it’s a (fictional) Danish series on the Vikings invasion of Britain.  The characters are strong and wild!

What excites you about the future of our industry?

As engineering has always had its eyes on the future, ready to wield the helm of change, it is most exciting seeing women enthusiastically enter the industry and bringing with them a different clarity and perspective.

I can see that the world they step into is truly welcoming and encouraging some reform. This is demonstrated by Engineers Australia’s CEO Dr Bronwyn Evans influencing and championing other younger women to step into this vital space.  Madsen Giersing can proudly boast female graduate engineers who are being mentored and provided amazing opportunities to bring forth their years of studies into engineering theory.

Meet The Team – David Gallagher

By | News | No Comments

Madsen Giersing’s Senior Drafter David Gallagher joined our team over 20 years ago. Throughout this time, David has been involved in a broad range of permanent and temporary work projects including wharves, cruise terminals, bridges, piling frames and other various marine and temporary structures, across Australia and South-East Asia. As well as this, David manages our company’s IT requirements. Within the company, David also wears a second hat as Madsen Giersing’s IT Manager, overseeing all of our hardware and software requirements.

Why did you become a drafter?

I’ve always been fascinated by geometry. As kid I was always drawing with rulers and set squares, and it was during my junior graphics class that the school first introduced CAD into the curriculum – soon it would be time to upgrade our first home PC, a 286XT with 2MB running MSDOS.  Fast forward to an introduction to engineering at university and applying for a job at Madsen Giersing, where my passion for technical drawing and IT remains strong.

What do you love about engineering?

I love the variety of projects and challenges that we are faced with daily, and being able to work alongside people with different backgrounds and interests.

What are you working on at the moment?

Currently I am working on the Port Wilson Waterside Infrastructure Remediation, which involves designing a temporary bridge to aid in the partial demolition of existing jetty and the construction of the new superstructure. On the IT side of things, I am in the process of upgrading our server and backup system.

What has been your greatest professional achievement?

As the industry and technology changes, I believe my greatest achievements are yet to come!

What’s the best project you have worked on?

There are almost too many to choose from, but one of my favourites was the Brisbane Riverside Expressway Bearing Replacement, which involved designing a falsework system used to support bridge jacking system and hanging formwork system. It was a challenging project as we had to develop new systems for existing infrastructure while the existing infrastructure was still in use.

Another one would be Wiggins Island Coal Export Terminal. This involved as adjustable piling frame for wharf and dolphin pile driving, requiring complex geometry optimized to reduce adjustments during use.

What’s the most useful thing you’ve learned throughout your career?

Always ask questions, as many as you can think of.

What would your last meal be?

Easy. Agedashi Tofu, Sashimi and gyoza. Or Tacos.

What is the last movie you watched or series you binged?

It was an awesome South Korean TV Series called Kingdom, full of swords and zombies!

Who’s the greatest engineer of all time and why?

Brunel.  I’m not sure he’s the greatest, as not all his endeavors were successful, but his pioneering contributions to the design of tunnels, bridges, railways and ships proved to be incredibly innovate solutions that furthered modern engineering.

What excites you about the future of our industry?

I am mostly excited by new developments in software for 3D Modelling/BIM, and changes in the collaboration and design process.

What piece of advice would you give to an aspiring drafter?

Always take pride in your work.

 

Giving Pioneering Engineering A New Lease of Life

By | Uncategorized | No Comments

As engineers, we work in an industry where we strive to design solutions that last a lifetime and are all aware of the great work undertaken by those before. This understanding provides us with respect for the design ingenuity and thinking that went into the pioneering approach to connecting Australia’s regions.

A perfect example of this is the North Coast Railway line which opened up Queensland’s East Coast to high-speed travel. Covering 1,680km from Brisbane’s Roma Street to Cairns, the railway was and still is a vital connection for people and commerce. Linking Brisbane, Nambour, Gympie Maryborough, Bundaberg, Gladstone, Rockhampton, Mackay and Townsville to Cairns, the railway turned a journey that would have lasted weeks overland into a 52-hour trip on opening in 1924.

These days with high-speed trains, the journey is much faster, but by and large, the railway still uses the same route and infrastructure from when it opened. And at Madsen Giersing we are fortunate to be working on a stretch of railway that dates back almost 150 years as we bring a new lease of life to bridge structures through modern technology, modelling and design.

Engaged by Canstruct as part of a D&C contract with Queensland Rail, we are reinforcing 150+ years old, heritage-listed cast-iron piers that hold up bridges within the Wide-Bay region.

Lasse Madsen outlined our involvement “This is a fantastic project to be involved in, because of the challenges it presents, but also due to the fact that we get to work with engineering designs that were directly responsible for opening up Queensland and connecting people and goods throughout the state.”

“Because of their age and design, each pier is heritage listed, and although they are coming to the end of their life and could easily be replaced with simple concrete supports, our challenge is to create a solution that preserves and extends their lifespan without fundamentally changing the look of the structure.”

The piers are designed in sections, with bolted joints connecting them and concrete reinforcing the interior. Over time, however, they have had to cope with larger trains and higher loads than ever before and battle the Queensland climate, which is not the kindest to cast iron. Therefore, they require upgrades to extend their life.

“Our team spent a considerable amount of time analysing the structures and identifying weak points in the piers, such as bolted joints and creating solutions that would remove any weakness, strengthen the structure and meet the requirements of heritage listing.”

“Essentially, we came up with a second skin solution involving a reinforced concrete and FRP wrap around the cast iron concrete-filled piers, which doesn’t destroy the look of the piers and complies with the heritage guidelines. In simple terms, it is like wearing a compression bandage that supports and strengthens a limb without changing its appearance.”

Madsen Giersing were then engaged to investigate the cast-iron pier behaviour under load, specifically the bolted connections between pier segments. This verifies the previous work completed, improves the knowledge on these types of piers and assists Queensland Rail in managing their existing assets.

In partnership with Canstruct as the contractor we worked with the University of Queensland using sections from decommissioned bridges to undertake a testing programme that would provide a full structural analysis which could act as a baseline for bridges of a similar age.

“Working with UQ enabled us to utilise their facilities to undertake comprehensive testing in a controlled environment, using the latest technologies and techniques.”

“Through our testing and analysis, we can provide feedback on bridge performance and help a major asset owner to keep vital transport connections operational,” said Lasse.

Meet The Team – Yasintha Bandula Heva

By | News | No Comments

Yasintha joined Madsen Giersing in 2009 as a structural design engineer. Prior to this Yasintha worked as a structural engineer for Kumagai Gumi in Sri Lanka where he was involved in the design of temporary structures for the Southern Transport Development Project . Since joining Madsen Giersing, he has undertaken the design of permanent and temporary structures including wharves, jetties, bridges, piling frames and various marine structures and temporary structures.

We caught up with Yasintha to find out a little more about what he enjoys most about engineering.

Why did you become an engineer?

Growing up in Sri Lanka, with my love of mathematics, engineering was the natural choice for me. It  carried a significant prestige and were thought of as the perfect career, especially for anyone who had ambitions for higher study.

What do you love about engineering?

There is always something new to learn; we are very fortunate to be involved in an industry that does not stop developing, challenging the way things have been done and trying to come up with new solutions to the challenges that the world faces.

Whether that is through learning about new materials and how we can apply them to structures or embracing the multitude of new technologies that are making an impact on our industry. There is always an opportunity to test yourself and improve your skills.

I also love that engineering is like a craft – almost a bit like cooking – there is a skill, process and recipe that makes for a great result and the most skilled practitioners are the ones who succeed. There is a part of me that worries that the skills we have are becoming eroded as we let technology take over. It reminds me a little of those food processors where you simply add ingredients and out comes a finished cake. To me, that is not cooking, and while I like and respect certain technologies, to preserve the quality we have in engineering we have to strike the right balance between human design and problem-solving versus abdicating our skills to a machine.

What are you working on at the moment?

I’m working on Port North Common Use Berth upgrade project.  As a part of the upgrade, we are undertaking the full design of a new fire service platform and an access jetty for the existing fuel unloading platform in the Brisbane river.

What has been your greatest professional achievement to date?

I have always been a believer in continuous learning and professional development, so for me, it has to be being recognised as a Chartered Professional Engineer. Being recognised by my profession is the culmination of many years of hard study which has seen me obtain a degree, masters and PhD and to commit to continuously improving my skills and knowledge.

What’s the best project you have worked on?

It was the Wiggins Island Coal Terminal Project in 2013.

At this stage in my career, I was a junior engineer, and Wiggins Island Coal Terminal was the first large scale project that I was responsible for designing independently. We were responsible for the designing of temporary works for pile driving for the terminal and at such an early stage in my career working on this project was a massive boost to my confidence and made me believe that I was embarking on a career where I would be successful.

What’s the most useful thing you’ve learned throughout your career? 

Engineering is something to be proud of. I have a huge sense of achievement whenever I can see what I helped to build; something that has been designed to last for decades into the future and will make a difference to people lives or how a business performs, or how goods and products move around the world.

You cannot underestimate being able to say “I designed that.”

Who’s the greatest engineer of all time and why?

I am going to have to choose three engineers, each of whom has inspired me personally in my career.

The first is the Mr. Yazaw, a Japanese engineer who’s words I still remember to this day “If you identify the problem, it is 50% solved.” This is such simple and powerful advice and is the starting point for designing an engineering solution to a problem.

Secondly is my PhD supervisor Professor Mahen Mahendran who guided me to achieve my qualifications and in the process of doing so changed my life through their support, advice and wisdom.

And finally, is Peter Madsen. Peter has been a mentor to me in my time at Madsen Giersing and has helped me to be a practical engineer who has a passion for helping achieve great results. Peter always have a practical solutions for the problems.

What excites you about the future of our industry?

I think it comes back to my earlier point about technology. I believe the brightest and most exciting future for engineering is if we can harness the skills and experience of an engineer and use technology, whether that is through AI or BIM or yet to be invented technology, to support the engineer, rather than replace them.

The beauty of engineering is that designs can be unique, they can be bespoke to the conditions and environments in which they operate, and that is important and something we could lose if technology makes engineering creativity ‘standardised’.

What would be your dream project to work on?

I have made Brisbane my home and love living here, so it would have to be one of the major projects transforming the city. I’d have to say Cross River Rail as it has the potential to improve transport, create new hubs and to make a long term difference to the city, a positive difference from which my family will benefit.

What do you do outside of work?

I often joke that I come to work to have a rest from my three children. That is not true, but they do take up a lot of my time at weekend. Whether that is going to our temple to worship or watching my elder son take his first steps as a junior cricketer, my time is spent pleasurably  with my wife and three kids as a family, which is the best thing in my life.

Bringing The World’s Biggest Cruise Ships to Brisbane

By | News | No Comments

Port of Brisbane’s new $177 million Brisbane International Cruise Terminal is progressing well, and the team at Madsen Giersing have been heavily involved in designing the project’s mooring dolphins.

Engaged by Brady Marine and Civil (BMC), we were challenged to design the most effective and constructible solution to safely and securely moor the world’s biggest cruise liners when they come to town.

Peter Madsen led the design team “We love a challenge, particularly when it comes to marine engineering and are delighted with the outcome we have designed for BMC and Port of Brisbane.”

“Working in any marine environment poses its challenges, and the Brisbane River is no exception. The riverbed is notoriously soft, which makes constructing marine structures challenging, especially when we factor in the forces at play when a cruise ship is moored.”

The conforming mooring dolphins design for the anchor points involved a four pile system with rock design anchors, but upon analysis, we worked with BMC to come up with an alternative that was not only more cost-effective but easier to construct.

“The four piles system was a great concept, but instead, we used a single pile on a much larger scale, to be able to withstand the forces involved. The Oasis of The Seas is one of the largest cruise ships afloat at 225,782 gross registered tonnes, and our approach would enable ships up to 300,000 gross registered tonnes to safely anchor in Brisbane.”

The design comprised a single pile, 41m long and a 4.3m diameter with a concrete cap which removed the need for rock anchors and was significantly quicker to construct.

For more information on the Brisbane International Cruise Terminal, please visit: https://www.portbris.com.au/cruise/

Project Win – Engineering a Piling Solution

By | News | No Comments

With essential upgrades being made to the Cape Lambert Port A (CLA) wharf facility and associated jettyMadsen Giersing has been engaged by Austral Construction to modify and upgrade the piling leader that will be used in the refurbishment of the facility’s dolphins and jetty. 

Madsen Giersing’s Lasse Madsen outlined the project “This project will see major refurbishments undertaken to the wharf’s dolphins and existing jetty. Built in the 1970s and added to up until 2002, they are approaching the end of their life and need replacement to be able to be resilient to future adverse weather events and for the facility to remain operational.” 

“With 144 piles to be driven, Austral Construction required an experienced partner to modify and upgrade an existing piling leader so that it could handle the project and given our experience with marine engineering, we were engaged.” 

Coronavirus COVID-19 Update

By | Uncategorized | No Comments

As a valued stakeholder of Masdaen Giersing, we hope that you and your loved ones and are safe and well during the current Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic.

We thought it appropriate to provide you with an operational update, as like you, we have many questions about how we, our partners, clients and suppliers will operate in the coming weeks and months.

As an organisation, we take the health and well-being of our team and you very seriously. We will continue to monitor the current situation and act in line with the latest directives from the State and Federal Governments and their associated health agencies.

In the short term, it remains business as usual at Madsen Giersing. Our team has access to technology and resources to facilitate video conferences rather than face to face meetings and can work remotely and flexibly if required.

We also understand the needs of industry and the role we all play in workplace health and safety and will naturally comply with the policies and procedures for site visits and meetings as laid down by any partner or client organisation.

At the end of the day we are engineers, not medical professionals, so we must at all times defer to those who have a greater understanding of the pandemic that we do.

We look forward to continuing to work with you and will keep you updated should there be operational changes in the future.

Once again, we would like to wish you well and hope that the pandemic passes with minimum impact and disruption to your business and daily life.

Should you require any additional information or have any questions, please contact you relevant Madsen Giersing team member or myself.

Regards,

Lasse Madsen

Celebrating 10 Years

By | News | No Comments

Congratulations to Sam Madsen on achieving 10 years with Madsen Giersing. With an extensive professional background built up in the private sector, Sam Joined the team in 2009 and ensures the smooth running of the office and manages our Quality Assurance, marketing and HR.

“I’m delighted to have been able to spend 10 years with Madsen Giersing, working with my family and a fantastic team of people. It really is a dream role and one that has seen a decade flash by in the blink of an eye.”

Connect with Sam on LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/in/sam-madsen-0b81633a

30 Years of Engineering Australia and Asia

By | News | One Comment

When you meet Peter Madsen, you can’t help but be impressed by his wealth of experience and knowledge of engineering built up over a career that celebrates a significant milestone in 2019, 30 years in business.

Formed in 1989 as M.O. and based in Brisbane, over 1300 completed projects have seen Madsen Giersing undertake major works across Australia, PNG, Malaysia, SE Asia and Africa for clients in the resources, energy, marine, transport and infrastructure sectors.

We caught up with Peter to find out a little bit more about the last 30 years of leading Madsen Giersing and his thoughts on engineering.

What was the first project Madsen Giersing was engaged to design?

Our first project was working on the Canning Bridge in Western Australia. Located at the narrowest part of the Canning River, the bridge carries traffic across a 100m+ span, and we were engaged in supporting the major bridge upgrade by engineering temporary works.

It was a fantastic project and set the foundations for what we do at Madsen Giersing, enabling us to start building a reputation for our engineering, our ability to design and implement complex works and to come up with solutions that extend the life of essential infrastructure.

Across your 1300 projects, what has been your favourite one to work on?

Dampier Bulk Liquids Berth in Western Australia. It is my favourite project for several reasons, firstly because I love the challenge of working in a marine environment.

Secondly, it was a very complex project. The facility consists of a 500m long approach that connects the shore to the loading platform with four berthing and four mooring dolphins, allowing for vessels of up to 65,000 DW to use the facility.

We were engaged to provide the detailed design and technical support services for the Design & Construct contract, and as a result, were heavily involved in every aspect of the project, including developing the construction methodology.

When we are at the heart of engineering solutions and bringing our expertise, we do our best work.

In your 30 years of operation, what changes have excited you the most?

Technology. We can do far more with technology now than we could do in the past. From aerial surveys with drones, through to designing everything in as many as 4D dimensions, we have more power and information at our fingertips than ever before. So much so that we can potentially drown in information, indeed on a recent project, we were inundated with so much data that it was time-consuming and challenging to sort the meaningful from the meaningless.

But, it is a double-edged sword, and part of me worries that we are using technology too much and that is taking away our ability to think laterally and to problem solve. We are all engineers because in our hearts we love solving problems. To be a good engineer, solving problems in the most effective and efficient way is what we strive to do and judgment has to prevail over analytics.  I think it is essential that we remember that, and allowing technology to be used to support what we do, not to drive what we do.

What advice would you pass on to someone starting their career in engineering?

Never lose your interest in how things work, why they work, and how they can be improved. The curiosity that made you want to be an engineer is something that you should prize and allow to flourish whenever you can.

So stay up to date through professional development, take opportunities to learn, and play an active part in your industry.

What I always ask the young engineers when they do design analysis is that every time they make an assumption, keep an open mind and have the ability to see the problem from another angle and you may have to change your mind.

What is the biggest project Madsen Giersing has worked on?

The Lekir Bulk Terminal, a huge project for us in Malaysia. Located around 300km north of Kuala Lumpur the project was a new facility to supply 8 million tonnes of coal each year to the 2,100mw TNB Janamanjung power plant.

The project was significant in terms of scale and also in terms of designing innovative solutions. Engaged by Leighton Contractors to provide the detailed design and technical support for the project we were responsible for the 2,028m long approach trestle linking the wharf to the shore.

Consisting of three import conveyors, a single roadway and berthing for tugs, the trestle is a significant structure and one that we had to futureproof so that additional capacity could be added at a later date.

We also developed the design solution for the 540m long unloading wharf and mooring dolphin complete with two grab ship unloaders and associated conveyors.

The project was complex with lots of interconnected elements. And that takes a lot of planning, considerable attention to detail and a focus on efficiency so that construction could be undertaken rapidly and safely. During construction, a 12m span was completed each week.

To do this, we had to take a holistic view of the project and to immerse ourselves within the project team and put everything we could into our designs to ensure and support the delivery of the facility.

This meant trying to innovate where possible through the use of pre-cast elements to avoid falsework and formwork, with the additional benefit being faster to construct. At the same time, we were able to design a way to support the fender that avoided the need for berthing dolphins under the wharf structure.

Using pre-cast precast concrete panels linked into the wharf deck with circular hollow struts we were able to transfer the fender reaction back to the middle of the wharf, where the raker piles were located and able to support the load.

Can you give us an example of an industry myth?

That temporary works are temporary!  If designed and engineered well, temporary works should be able to be used across multiple projects. Just because something is temporary on one site, doesn’t necessarily mean that it should be disposed of at the end of the project, particularly if you are a firm that specialises in a particular type of project.

When you design something and it’s cut up at the end of a project – heart-breaking.

What is ahead for Madsen Giersing in the next 30 years?

With a little luck and a lot of hard work, even more interesting projects to work on will be ahead.

For me, I will always be involved, but Lasse will be the driving force behind the organisation, and I’ve every confidence that he will take Madsen Giersing to a new level while upholding the standards we have built over the last 30 years.

I am proud of the fact that Madsen Giersing is a family business with four members of the family part of the company.

Meet The Team – Aidan Gallagher

By | News | No Comments

Aidan joined Madsen Giersing in 2016 as a structural design engineer. Since joining Madsen Giersing, Aidan has been involved in the design of permanent and temporary works including pontoons, bridges, temporary berthing structures, temporary jetties, access platforms and other various marine structures.

We caught up with Aidan to find a little more about what he enjoys most about engineering.

Why did you become an engineer?

When I was eight years old, my family decided to sail around the world. As you can imagine, it was the trip of a lifetime and there were sights to see in every port; however, it was marine structures that I became fascinated with.

I can remember sailing into Singapore harbour and being amazed by the scale of the yacht club and the boats moored there. But the real highlight of the trip was the Panama Canal. At that age, I was in awe of the size of the project, the genius of the idea to join two oceans across the narrowest point of a continent and how miserable and dangerous the concept of rounding Cape Horn was.

Instead, we sailed through a human-made channel, perhaps the most fantastic part of which was the monkeys. They learned that boats scared away the alligators and crocodiles and took full advantage of a passing ship to swim across from one side of the channel to the other before the predators returned.

What do you love about engineering?

I enjoy the variety of projects I work on, but most of all I like heading out to site and seeing a project come to life. There is a real tangibility and sense of achievement when you see a structure that you have designed take shape and become real.

I like to think that as engineers, we leave a positive mark on society through our work.

What are you working on at the moment?

I’m working on an industrial subdivision in Redbank Plains designing the stormwater infrastructure and drainage. It’s a very challenging area and project as it is subject to flooding and a key factor in our design will be the need to ensure water doesn’t pool and cause issues with settlement and earth movement.

What has been your greatest professional achievement to date?

It’s early days still. Watch this space.

What’s the best project you have worked on?

I’m currently working on a rail heritage project where we are attempting to reinforce 150+ years old cast iron piers that hold up railway bridges on the mainline along the state’s east coast. It is a challenging project because the piers are heritage listed; therefore any engineering solution cannot fundamentally alter the look of the structures.

We are hard at work identifying weak points in the piers, such as bolted joints and testing their capacity and the strengthening solutions that we have developed. Testing is done at the University of Queensland using old bridges that were decommissioned, allowing us to test existing capability and capacity when we have added potential solutions.

Our solution involves a reinforced concrete and FRP wrap around the cast iron concrete-filled piers, which doesn’t destroy the look of the piers and complies with the heritage guidelines. Essentially we have engineered a strong, yet thin second skin for the outer of the pier.

There is also something rewarding about helping to preserve Queensland’s engineering heritage and ensuring its longevity.

What’s the most useful thing you’ve learned throughout your career?

The value you get from being on-site. You cannot be an engineer and never leave the office.

Seeing a project in context and experiencing the location and users at first hand is invaluable to the design process and gives you so much more information and knowledge than even the best briefing.

What would your last meal be?

Italian or Japanese – too hard to decide….but maybe a good lasagne.

What is the last movie you watched or series you binged?

I don’t have a lot of time to watch TV or movies, but I like a good mob film – The Godfather, The Departed and Goodfellas would be three of my favourites.

Who’s the greatest engineer of all time and why?

I remember learning about Squire Whipple and the amazingly named Triple Whipple Truss at uni and it has always stuck with me; has any other engineer managed to create such an amazingly named structure?

The Laughery Creek Bridge in America was the only bridge built with this design. It’d be great to see the bridge, or maybe even work on it, one day.

What excites you about the future of our industry?

Artificial Intelligence, it can speed up design and trial concepts, potentially opening up whole new methods of design. For example, we could use AI to complement Finite Element Analysis and create unique shapes that are highly efficient and can be tested virtually across thousands of variants.

We use rectangles, squares, arches and circles because they are easy to make and design, AI could open up a whole new world of shapes that could transform design.

What would be your dream project to work on from history?

The Panama Canal is the obvious choice, not sure I would have liked site visits with the safety and yellow fever, but it would have been amazing to connect the Atlantic and Pacific, creating humanity’s greatest shortcut.

What piece of advice would you give to an aspiring engineer?

Learn to code. I am currently learning to code in R because you can take everything a lot further when you can code. From automation to a deeper level of design, you can make the process more detailed and faster when you can code your own systems and processes to suit your needs.